Background Though there’s a marked decline in burden of undernutrition, about 44 and 10% of children under five are stunted and wasted, respectively in Ethiopia. factors associated with stunting and losing, separately. Results The prevalence of stunting and losing among children aged 6C24?weeks were 58.1 and 17.0%, respectively. Poor wealth status [Adjusted Odds Percentage (AOR)?=?2.20; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.42, 3.40], unavailability GSK1120212 of latrine [AOR?=?1.76; 95% CI: 1.17, 2.66], child age: 12C24?weeks [AOR?=?3.24; 95% CI: 2.24, 4.69], not receiving maternal postnatal vitamin-A supplementation [AOR?=?1.54; 95%: 1.02, 2.33] and source of family food: own food production [AOR?=?1.71; 95% CI: 1.14, 2.57] were significantly associated with higher odds of stunting. However, only history of diarrheal morbidity was significantly associated with losing [AOR?=?2.06; 95% CI: 1.29, 3.30]. Conclusions In this community, the magnitude of stunting and losing is present like a severe general public health concern. Therefore, improving socio-economic status, latrine and maternal postnatal vitamin-supplementation protection are essential to mitigate the high burden of stunting. Besides, reducing the child years diarrheal morbidity as well as conditioning early medical diagnosis and management from the problem are necessary to curve the high prevalence of spending. is normally served with legumes or pulses usually. Such feeding procedures raise the vulnerability of newborns and kids to poor energy and micronutrient intake . Kids whose moms did not have the postnatal vitamin-A supplementation had been discovered with increased probability of stunting in comparison to their counterparts. Enhancing vitamin-A position of children is among the proved child success strategies, specifically it really is discovered to lessen threat of morbidity and mortality from infectious illnesses [66 considerably, 67]. Frequent shows of infectious disease, such as for example diarrhea and respiratory system infections are connected with higher threat of stunting  strongly. In Ethiopia, a lot of the pregnant moms suffer from vitamin-A insufficiency . As a total result, postnatal period is normally a screen of possibility to improve moms vitamin-A status thus raising the retinol degree of breasts milk. In so doing, the breastfed newborns will get sufficient quantity of vitamin-A which additional helps to decrease the threat of infectious disease shows through enhancing their immunity. Furthermore, the chances of stunting had been higher among kids aged 12C24?a few months in comparison to those aged 6C11?a few months. This finding is at agreement using the survey from Central Africa Republic, where poor development of children is normally correlated with later years of kids . Research of various other developing countries also stated that stunting is normally much less common in early infancy HSP28 because they are on breastfeeding , nevertheless, because of incorrect complementary nourishing practice and higher dietary demand, the chance of impaired linear development raises as the childs age improvements . Finally, this study reported that, children with history of diarrheal morbidity in the previous 2?weeks preceding the day survey were found out with higher odds of developing spending. Related findings were also reported by the previous local studies [24, 34]. Obviously, diarrhea is associated with malabsorption of nutrients, significant nutrient and fluids loss and reduced hunger . Delayed treatment due to mothers poor health seeking behavior and inappropriate home GSK1120212 based management of diarrhea, such as fluid restriction and decreasing or stopping food intake are the commonly practiced in most of the mothers in Ethiopia, which in turn increases the vulnerability the youngster to build up throwing away [73, 74]. That is mostly of the studies uncovering the magnitude of stunting and throwing away in probably the most susceptible population groups, kids aged 6C24?weeks. Nevertheless, it isn’t free from a few of restrictions. Firstly, though interval training, regular field guidance and pre-test had been done, the analysis was not really clear of recall and dimension bias while performing anthropometric and kid nourishing practice assessments, respectively. Conclusions The prevalence of stunting and throwing away are saturated in Dabat HDSS site which shows that undernutrition may be the serious public health concern among GSK1120212 children. In addition, household wealth status, latrine availability, maternal postnatal vitamin-A supplementation, child age and main source of family food were significantly associated with stunting. But, only diarrheal morbidity was identified as the key determinant of wasting. Therefore, improving socio-economic status, latrine and maternal postnatal vitamin-supplementation coverage are essential to mitigate the high burden of stunting. It is also crucial to strengthen the implementation of the current measures focusing on reducing the occurrence of childhood diarrheal morbidity as well as early diagnosis and management of the problem. Acknowledgements We would like to thank mothers for their willingness to participate in the study. Our appreciation will also go to the university.