Introduction In Nigeria there is limited information on brucellosis particularly in dogs despite its public health implications. 94 (12.72%) by RBT; these were corroborated with SAT (4/81; 4.94%) and cELISA (1/94; 1.06%) respectively. Logistic regression identified location (OR=0.04; 95% CI: 0.02-0.09) breed (OR=1.71; 95% CI: 1.34-2.19) age (OR=0.10; 95% CI: 0.04-0.30) and management program (OR=8.51; 95% CI: 1.07-68.05) as risk elements for Brucella disease by RSA. Nevertheless area (OR=10.83; 95% CI: 5.48-21.39) and history of infertility (OR=2.62; 95% CI: 1.41-4.84) were defined as risk elements using RBT. Summary Provided the 10.96% to 12.72% seroprevalence of brucellosis recorded with this research we advocate control of the condition in canines and public wellness education for all those vulnerable to infection. Once again further studies must elucidate the part of canines in the epidemiology of brucellosis in Nigeria taking into consideration the conducive human-animal user interface and ecological elements in charge of the transmitting of the condition. is the primary aetiological agent. It includes a ubiquitous distribution and continues to be reported in america Canada Central and SOUTH USA Tunisia South Africa Nigeria Madagascar Malaysia India Korea Japan and China amongst others [2-7]. The organism isn’t within New Australia and Zealand . Nevertheless brucellosis in canines may also be due to [9-12] where canines are in close connection with cattle sheep goats and pigs and inadvertently talk about the same environment. Transmitting of disease in canines happens via ingestion of polluted components or venereal routes . It is also easily sent among canines reared intensively in mating kennels or where owners back several canines. In addition canines given on foetal wastes and uncooked meat from abattoirs have already been reported to become contaminated with . The medical manifestation of the condition Maackiain in canines contains abortion infertility orchitis epididymitis and testicular atrophy amongst others [14 15 Lab diagnosis of the condition may be accomplished by different serological tests; like the fast slip agglutination (RSA) indirect fluorescent antibody serum agglutination check (SAT) agar gel immuno-diffusion assay (AGID) and enzyme connected immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Additional tests utilized are Rose Bengal dish test (RBT) go with fixation testing and fluorescent polarisation assay. Nevertheless false excellent results may happen due to mix responding antibodies from additional Gram-negative microorganisms with RBT and Rgs4 RSA [5 16 While many studies have already been conducted for the epidemiology of brucellosis specifically in cattle in Nigeria [19-21] just little is well known of the condition among canines in the united states. Whereas the practice of nourishing canines with foetuses and uncooked meats from slaughtered cattle in conjunction with influx of unregistered and suspected brucellosis contaminated canines from international Maackiain countries can be common. Worse still there is certainly increasing possession of canines by people Maackiain who have poor understanding of brucellosis challenging by poor and deplorable wellness situations generally in most pet kennels in Nigeria. Predicated on these it becomes vital to perform an epidemiological study of brucellosis in canines in Nigeria towards offering empirical data because of its control in canines and humans. To do this we attempt to determine the seroprevalence and risk elements connected with brucellosis in pups in south-western Nigeria. Strategies Research environment The scholarly research was conducted in Lagos and Ogun Areas south-western Nigeria. Lagos Condition (Shape 1) can be an Maackiain administrative department of Nigeria situated in the south-western area of the nation and the tiniest in land part of Nigeria′s 36 areas . It really is arguably probably the most economically important condition from the country wide nation containing Lagos Department the country′s most significant urban region. Ogun Condition is another constant state in south-western Nigeria situated in the north and slightly east to Lagos. Provided its contiguous area to Lagos and neighbouring African countries in addition it plays vital financial and trans-border actions relating to pet motions and by implication trans-border illnesses. Canines are reared in both continuing areas while house animals as well as for protection aswell for economic reasons. Figure 1 Research areas: Lagos and Ogun Areas (Inset: Nigeria) Research design We completed a cross-sectional research. Data from sero-epidemiological study of canines presented to main veterinary private hospitals/treatment centers in Lagos and Ogun Areas were gathered between July 2011 and Feb 2014 for antibodies to disease among canines. The amount of statistical significance was arranged at p < 5%. Factors significant at 10%.